Even though F1 cars use a fuel similar to road cars, the gas tank is very different.
The fuel tank in F1 is strictly regulated. It must be manufactured from materials approved by the FIA (International Automobile Federation). In the car, the tank must be located exactly behind the driver, in front of the engine. It is completely sealed to protect the driver in case of an accident. This area of the car is reinforced to withstand extreme impacts.
The front wing is attached to the nose of the car. This area of the car is the one that is destroyed most frequently in a crash, due to its location.
Like the rear spoiler, this part of the body is included in the car’s aerodynamic system. The front wing is responsible for directing the flow of air to the rest of the car. This directly influences the overall downforce of the car.
The hydraulic system in an F1 car connects all the systems the driver must control in a race, from pressing the pedal to a button. Makes the car faster and more consistent. That is why this system plays a fundamental role in racing.
With such a complex electronic system inside the F1 car, the heat can reach very high levels without an adequate cooling system. This system keeps the engine at the correct temperature because it lets air through the radiator.
On the other hand, as more air flows through the radiator, the aerodynamics will be worse. That is why the cooling system is complicated.
The FIA is very restrictive with this part, and they prohibit that the conduits of this system happen through the cabin of the pilot, for reasons of security.
The Europeans call it the transmission and the American transmission. Over the years this part of the car has evolved from a simple longitudinal transmission clutch to a sophisticated hydraulic gearbox.
It is an essential part of an F1 car since the smallest error in the gear system can block the rear wheels and cause the pilot to lose control.
Much secrecy often surrounds the development of a gearbox. Each of its 400 components is made to measure for each vehicle.